The Return of Wolves in Switzerland: A Look at the Impact and Controversy

Once upon a time in the land of Switzerland, wolves roamed freely. But, as in many fairy tales, humans saw them as bloodthirsty killers and hunted them to the brink of extinction. Fast forward to today, and the return of these majestic animals has sparked a fierce debate about their protection and impact on alpine communities.

Are wolves the villains of this story or simply misunderstood creatures trying to survive in a changing world? Join us as we explore the resurgence of wolves in Switzerland, the controversy surrounding their protected species status, and the challenges faced by both humans and wolves in this modern-day tale.

Short Summary

  • The return of wolves in Switzerland has sparked debate over wolf protection laws.
  • Various solutions, such as setting a pack limit and controlled hunting, have been proposed to manage the population.
  • The future of wolves is uncertain but will require effective management strategies for their sustained presence.
Wolf Packs in Switzerland – From

The Resurgence of Wolf Packs in Switzerland

After being wiped out more than a century ago, wolves have made a dramatic comeback in Switzerland. From a single wolf pack in 1995, their numbers have grown to almost 200 individuals today, spread over around 25 wolf packs.

This increase in the wolf population has ignited a heated debate on whether to relax the protection laws for these animals. Some see the return of wolves as a victory for biodiversity, while others view it as a threat to livestock and humans living nearby.

European Wolf Population Trends

The European wolf population has also experienced a significant increase in recent years.

Wolves have not only returned to Switzerland but have also been roaming other parts of continental Europe, posing a potential threat to farm animals. Their presence has been recorded in Austria, Finland, Belarus, Poland, Romania, and Russia, among other countries.

The resurgence of wolves in Switzerland can be traced back to a pack that made its way into the French-Italian Alps and gradually spread across the country. This gradual migration began about 30 years ago, marking the return of wolves to Switzerland after their near-extinction.

The French and Italian Alps Connection

The French and Italian Alps serve as a vital link in the resurgence of wolves in Switzerland. Both regions are home to thriving wolf populations, with Italian wolves recolonizing the French Alps in recent years.

These wolves have been sneaking across the border from Italy through France in search of new land and food, ultimately finding their way back to Switzerland. This cross-border migration has played a crucial role in the repopulation of wolves in the Swiss Alps, adding yet another layer to the ongoing debate surrounding their protected species status.

The Debate Over Protected Species Status

The growing wolf population in Switzerland has reignited the debate over their protected species status. As it stands, the Swiss Parliament has just voted on whether to relax the protection laws for wolves, while some cantons advocate for “wolf-free zones”. This heated discussion has pitted those who believe in the ecological importance of wolves against those who view them as a threat to livestock, people, and even other wildlife.

In this complex debate, the Bern Convention plays a significant role in shaping the international protection of wolves.

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Swiss Parliament Voting on Protection Laws

In September 2019, the Swiss Parliament passed an amendment to the “Swiss Federal Law on Hunting and the Protection of Indigenous Mammals and Birds,” which allows animals with year-round protection to have a hunting season without needing parliament approval or public input. There was a Swiss referendum in 2020 regarding the same issue.

This change in legislation has sparked controversy, as it potentially weakens the protection of wolves and other species. The Swiss Parliament is now voting on whether to further relax these laws, a decision that could have significant implications for the future of wolves in the country.

More recently, the government has been discussing a revision to the hunting law regarding the levels at which wolves can be killed, depending on the proven damage they have done to local herds. Farmers are hoping this is in place by the summer of 2023.

Bern Convention’s Role in Wolf Protection

The Bern Convention is an international agreement that provides protection to wolves and other wild animals and plants. It sets the rules that signatory states, including Switzerland, must follow when managing species, such as wolves.

However, not much research has been conducted to determine if shooting wolves actually prevent livestock deaths. The Convention was debating whether the international protection of wolves should change from ‘strictly protected’ to just ‘protected,’ a decision that could have profound effects on wolf management in Switzerland and beyond. However, this downgrade has since been rejected.

Lessons from Scandinavian Wolf Management

Switzerland can learn valuable lessons from the more pragmatic approach to wolf management implemented by Scandinavian countries. Norway and Sweden, for example, grant annual shooting quotas for a certain number of wolves. The importance of stakeholder co-management and government ownership and management of wolf populations is another key aspect of Scandinavian wolf management.

In Lapland, a wolf-free zone has been established to protect the traditional reindeer breeding practiced by the Sami people. These examples demonstrate possible ways that Switzerland could adapt its own wolf management strategies to better balance the needs of both humans and wolves.

Consequences for Alpine Communities

The return of wolves to Switzerland has had a significant impact on alpine communities. These communities are facing losses due to wolf attacks on livestock, with over 1,400 animals killed last year. Furthermore, some wolf packs are showing an interest in people, posing a potential threat to their safety.

Animals attacks by wolves in Switzerland – Via

In response, non-lethal methods such as rubber bullets have been employed to deter wolves from approaching humans. Additionally, children are encouraged to watch for wolves and alert adults if they spot one, and to shout loudly if a wolf gets too close.

The Future of Wolves in Switzerland

The future of wolves in Switzerland remains uncertain as the debate over their protected species status continues. Wolves face numerous challenges, including human-wildlife conflict and concerns about their impact on livestock, as their population continues to grow. Wildlife observers predict that, by 2025, Switzerland will have roughly 50 wolf packs. It is estimated that these packs will comprise of about 350 wolves in total.

As the population increases, the need for effective and sustainable wolf management strategies becomes increasingly important. The outcome of the ongoing debate on wolf protection and the proposed solutions for their management will undoubtedly shape the future of wolves in Switzerland.


In conclusion, the return of wolves to Switzerland has sparked a complex debate on their protection and the impact on alpine communities. With the increasing population of these majestic creatures, Switzerland faces the challenge of finding a balance between protecting wolves and ensuring the safety of livestock and humans.

The ongoing debate over their protected species status, along with the proposed solutions for wolf management, will play a crucial role in determining the future of wolves in the country. As this modern-day tale of wolves and humans unfolds, it is our responsibility to find sustainable and ethical solutions that ensure the coexistence of both species in the Swiss Alps.

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Frequently Asked Questions

Are there bears and wolves in Switzerland?

Yes, bears and wolves are present in Switzerland once again! After being driven out of the Swiss Alps by humans in the late 19th and early 20th centuries, both species have been reintroduced in recent years. So you can now encounter them while exploring the region.

What is the current wolf population in Switzerland?

As of 2022, it looks like there are close to 200 wolves, in 25 wolf packs, in Switzerland, so the population is slowly but steadily growing.

Which European country has the most wolves?

With an estimated 6,000 wolves living within its borders, Romania has the most wolves in Europe. The Carpathian Mountains, including Transylvania, are home to a large wolf population, making Romania the country with the highest number of wolves in Europe.

What country has the most wolves in the world?

Canada is home to the most wolves in the world, with over 50,000 of these majestic creatures inhabiting its vast lands. Despite their numbers, wolves are still at risk due to hunting and trapping activities that threaten their population.

Are there wolves in the Alps?

Yes, wolves can be found in the Alps. They have been returning naturally to the area since the 1990s and have been growing exponentially ever since. They are now present in every Alpine country, even at lower altitudes.

Wolves are an important part of the Alpine ecosystem, helping to keep the balance of nature in check. They also provide a unique opportunity.

Written by Ashley Faulkes
As a twenty-year resident of Switzerland, I am passionate about exploring every nook and cranny of this beautiful country, I spend my days deep in the great Swiss outdoors, and love to share these experiences and insights with fellow travel enthusiasts.

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